industrial shale oil extraction process – sciencestruck in South Africa

shale oil extraction

Shale oil extraction

Shale oil extraction is an industrial process for unconventional oil production. This process converts kerogen in oil shale into shale oil by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution. The resultant shale oil is used as fuel oil or upgraded to meet refinery feedstock specifications by adding hydrogen and removing sulfur and nitrogen ...

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explainer: unpacking the issues around fracking in south africa

Explainer: unpacking the issues around fracking in South Africa

South Africa has been considering shale gas development in the Karoo region. The gas, will be expensive to explore and extract, will be used as part of the country's energy mix.

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history of the oil shale industry

History of the oil shale industry

The history of the oil shale industry started in ancient times. The modern industrial use of oil shale for oil extraction dates to the mid-19th century and started growing just before World War I because of the mass production of automobiles and trucks and the supposed shortage of gasoline for transportation needs.

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technically recoverable shale oil and shale gas resources

Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources

6. For shale oil, identify those U.S. shales that best match the geophysical characteristics of the foreign shale oil formation to estimate the oil in-place recovery factor. 3 For shale gas, determine the recovery factor based on geologic complexity, pore size, formation pressure, and clay content, the latter of which

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a fracking boost for the south ... - deloitte south africa

A fracking boost for the South ... - Deloitte South Africa

Last year, shale provided 29% of USA crude oil production and 40% of its natural gas production. Further advancements in shale gas and oil production could mean that the USA will meet all of its energy requirements by 2030. This is a remarkable progression as the USA was for decades the largest oil importer. In South Africa fracking has been ...

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shale oil market by method of extraction and end user ...

Shale Oil Market By Method Of Extraction And End User ...

Shale Oil Market By Method Of Extraction (Surface Method (Ex-Situ Or Conventional Method) (Underground Mining and Open Pit Mining) and In-Situ Method (Horizontal Drilling And Retorting and Vertical Drilling And Retorting)) and End User (Transportation Sector, Residential Sector, Industrial Sector and Commercial Sector) - Global Industry Analysis And Forecast To 2025,The shale oil could be a ...

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tanzania: dar mulls shale technology in oil, gas extraction ...

Tanzania: Dar Mulls Shale Technology in Oil, Gas Extraction ...

TANZANIA is considering using shale technology in oil and gas extraction since it has been proved to be more efficient compared to other technologies, the National Assembly heard.

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oil shale in australia

Oil shale in Australia

Oil shale retorting followed in 1881 by utilization of "D" retorts. The plant closed before 1900. By 1892, about 100,000 tonnes of oil shale were being processed In Australia annually. In 1896, the New South Wales Shale Oil Company expanded its activities to Torbane near Capertee, New South Wales.

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the karoo | shell south africa

The Karoo | Shell South Africa

The Karoo is a special place that must be respected - socially and environmentally. We are committed to the sustainable development of clean-burning natural gas in an environmentally sound manner, while working collaboratively with local communities to ensure all concerns are addressed and considered.

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oil shale - environmental issues | britannica

Oil shale - Environmental issues | Britannica

Oil shale - Oil shale - Environmental issues: The production of oil from shales has a potentially serious impact on the environment. Four specific areas of concern dominate discussion regarding development of the resource: greenhouse gas output, water consumption and pollution, surface disturbance, and socioeconomic effects.

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an introduction to shale oil & gas - iogp

An introduction to shale oil & gas - IOGP

South Africa 66 0 Russia 49 76 Brazil 42 5. Gas. Oil. Notional additional resources. Gas. Oil. Gboe. Gbbl. Conventional. 1100. 1650. Shale oil & gas. 1200. 350. Additional (%) 110. 20. Source : EIA 2013. Shale gas Shale oil Gboe Gboe Poland 25 3,3 France 23 4,7 Romania 9 0,3 Denmark 5 0 UK 4 0,7 Netherlands 4 2,9 Others 9 1 Total 80 12,9 ...

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manufacturing locations | shell global

Manufacturing locations | Shell Global

1000 m to the south: LyondellBasell (polypropylene production) 300 m to the east: Essent (electricity/steam generation), AZN (waste incineration) The Moerdiijk site is surrounded by several villages, with Klundert and Noordschans the nearest at respectively 1200 and 700 metres from the fenceline.

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the water鈥怑nergy nexus of hydraulic fracturing: a global ...

The Water鈥怑nergy Nexus of Hydraulic Fracturing: A Global ...

We present a global analysis of the impact of shale oil and gas extraction on water resources, particularly on irrigated crop production. Using a water balance analysis, we find that large areas underlain by shale deposits are either already affected by water stress or would become water stressed in the event that local water resources were to be used for shale oil or gas extraction.

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technical review on jet fuel production - sciencedirect

Technical review on jet fuel production - ScienceDirect

This technology is involved in mining the shale, separating the shale oil using a high temperature retorting process and finally upgrading the shale oil to fuels by hydroprocess. Oil-shale production requires significant energy inputs and the maximum oil yield depends on the properties of the oil shale, heating rate, and particle grain size by ...

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oil & gas industry: 2019 trends

Oil & Gas Industry: 2019 Trends

growth in their contribution to total production, are two landmarks that will force a change in production, exports and local procurement trends in 2019. In 2019, prices of main energy commodities, particularly oil and gas, continue on the path towards recovery, a process that started in late 2016.

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shale gas and hydraulic fracturing

Shale Gas and Hydraulic Fracturing

Shale has transformed the energy map in the US in a very short time. In 2005 less than 5 per cent of US gas production came from shale fields. As late as 2006 many US business and government leaders believed the country was running out of fluid forms of fossil fuel. Yet by 2013 US oil production had increased by 50 per cent, compared with 2005.

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econometrix karoo shale gas report | shell south africa

Econometrix Karoo Shale Gas Report | Shell South Africa

Shale gas development (if recoverable and in viable quantities) can address job creation, benefit the poor in South Africa, stimulate the economy and secure energy supply for South Africans. The Econometrix report estimates that a relative conservative find of 20tcf could have an annual economic impact of ZAR80 billion and at 50tcf the impact ...

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south african shale gas hits rough patch | oilprice.com

South African Shale Gas Hits Rough Patch | OilPrice.com

鈥淐heap鈥?shale natural gas domestic production is being touted worldwide as a panacea to expensive energy imports. South Africa is one of the countries investigating the potential of indigenous ...

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technical review on jet fuel production - sciencedirect

Technical review on jet fuel production - ScienceDirect

This technology is involved in mining the shale, separating the shale oil using a high temperature retorting process and finally upgrading the shale oil to fuels by hydroprocess. Oil-shale production requires significant energy inputs and the maximum oil yield depends on the properties of the oil shale, heating rate, and particle grain size by ...

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the water鈥怑nergy nexus of hydraulic fracturing: a global ...

The Water鈥怑nergy Nexus of Hydraulic Fracturing: A Global ...

We present a global analysis of the impact of shale oil and gas extraction on water resources, particularly on irrigated crop production. Using a water balance analysis, we find that large areas underlain by shale deposits are either already affected by water stress or would become water stressed in the event that local water resources were to be used for shale oil or gas extraction.

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fracking in south africa: an alternative to coal? | saiia

Fracking in South Africa: an alternative to coal? | SAIIA

In June 2015, the Department of Mineral Resources gazetted regulations related to hydraulic fracturing or fracking in South Africa offering a framework for the exploitation and exploration of shale gas. It could easily lead one to think that another step has been taken in the direction of the highly controversial question of industrial fracking in the Karoo basin.

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oil & gas industry: 2019 trends

Oil & Gas Industry: 2019 Trends

growth in their contribution to total production, are two landmarks that will force a change in production, exports and local procurement trends in 2019. In 2019, prices of main energy commodities, particularly oil and gas, continue on the path towards recovery, a process that started in late 2016.

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remote sensing of fugitive methane emissions from oil and gas ...

Remote sensing of fugitive methane emissions from oil and gas ...

In the production process of tight oil, co鈥恛ccurring natural gas is typically used to drive the oil to the wellbore [U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2013]. As the productivity of these unconventional wells is initially high but depletes rapidly, new wells are continuously being drilled.

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hydraulic fracturing

Hydraulic fracturing

Hydraulic fracturing began as an experiment in 1947, and the first commercially successful application followed in 1950. As of 2012, 2.5 million "frac jobs" had been performed worldwide on oil and gas wells; over one million of those within the U.S. Such treatment is generally necessary to achieve adequate flow rates in shale gas, tight gas, tight oil, and coal seam gas wells.

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